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References in periodicals archive ?
The odds ratio is the ratio of the odds in equation 8 for two different values of an explanatory variable.
The relative risk (r), risk difference (d), and odds ratio (9) between the groups are defined as:
Quinolones were accounted for in three of the studies and carried the next-highest associated risk of new IBD, with an odds ratio of 1.79 (P = .040).
A significantly reduced odds ratio was seen in females who consumed over 2 liters of fluid daily but no such protection was seen in case males.
There was also an elevated risk for autoimmune disorders among the children with IBD, with odds ratios of 2.6 for hypothyroidism and 1.9 for type 1 diabetes.
Odds ratios for these outcomes were calculated using logistic regression.
The odds ratios for early childhood death in those born extremely preterm (from 22 to 27 weeks' gestation) were 6.1 for males and 8.7 for females, and for those born very preterm (28-32 weeks' gestation), the odds ratios were 2.5 for males and 2.1 for females.
Bacterial cure rates with cephalosporins were strongly superior to penicillin in trials from the United Kingdom, Germany, France, and Sweden, with odds ratios ranging from 3.35 to 4.77.
The ratio of exposed to nonexposed controls will estimate the exposure odds (b/d) of the noncases, and the odds ratio obtained in the prevalence case--control study will therefore estimate the POR in the source population (2.00), which in turn estimates the incidence rate ratio, provided that the above assumptions are satisfied in the exposed and nonexposed populations.
In the example above, the odds ratio of 0.58, P=.003 has a 95% CI of 0.40-0.83.
For women, dentistry was also rated a risky profession for getting asthma, with an odds ratio of 4.74, followed by waitresses at 3.03.
Women with a current major depressive episode had an almost 11-fold increased risk of suicidal ideation in the postpartum period, based on multivariate analysis (odds ratio 10.8).
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