One of its contentious aspects is the history of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) and the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA).
On Soviet press and literature, see Trevor Erlacher, "Denationalizing Treachery: The Ukrainian Insurgent Army and the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists in Late Soviet Discourse, 1945-85," REGION: Regional Studies of Russia, Eastern Europe, and Central Asia 2, 2 (2013): 289-316.
The state's brief existence is also important for what it reveals about the thinking of the OUN (Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists
), the shift in the organization's politics at the time, and the lesson it drew or failed to draw from this episode.
There, during the 1930s, he met and was counselled by a number of British parliamentarians, academics, and journalists, as he attempted to bring to public attention the murderous famine in Soviet Ukraine (which was denied by the Stalinist regime) and as he tried to contend with the Bureau's obstreperous Ukrainian emigre rivals, in particular the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN).
The Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN), established in 1929 by representatives of the UVO and radical student and emigre groups, inherited these tactics (Yekelchyk 2007, 121-28).
By the 1930s, the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists
(OUN), which propagated this ideology, was staging regular attacks on its adversaries--and even on Ukrainian activists who rejected its radical views.
Glory to the heroes!"--originated in Galicia in the 1930s as the slogan of the radical right Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists
Already in the first days of protests, there appeared the black-and-red flags of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists
(OUN), first adopted by Stepan Bandera's wing of the organization during World War II.
In July, August, and September 1941, in the aftermath of the German attack on the Soviet Union, hundreds of letters were addressed to the leader (providnyk) of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN), Stepan Bandera; to the German Fuhrer, Adolf Hitler; and to the head of the Ukrainian government proclaimed by the OUN-B shortly after the beginning of the German-Soviet war, Iaroslav Stets'ko.
according to the will of the Ukrainian people that finds its expression in the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists under the leadership of Stepan Bandera." Stets'ko also sent the Italian leader his warm greetings, wished a speedy victory to his brave nation, and expressed his conviction that Ukraine would be part of the "new just fascist order that must replace the Versailles system." (69) In the letter to Hitler, Stets'ko offered his congratulations and expressed his desire "in the name of the Ukrainian people and its government that came into being in liberated L'viv" that the German leader would "crown the struggle with an eternal triumph." Stets'ko also wrote that the victories of the German army would allow Hitler to expand the new Europe to its eastern parts.
To the leader of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists Stepan Bandera.