The PAAQ was administered using Jarvis' MediaLab (2004b) experimental software.
African American + pleasant) blocks were submitted to a 2 (Session Order: attitude measures first, PD first) x 2 (Attitude Measure Order: IAT first, PAAQ first) x 4 (IAT Block Composition: Caucasian + pleasant first, Caucasian + unpleasant first, African-American + pleasant first, African-American + unpleasant first) x 2 (IAT Block Compatibility: compatible, incompatible) ANOVA with repeated measures on the last factor.
Both the Pro-Black and Anti-Black subscales of the PAAQ exhibited acceptable reliability (Cronbach's [alpha] = .
Cooperation rates during the two PDs were examined using a 2 (Session Order: attitude measures first, PD first) x 2 (Attitude Measure Order: IAT first, PAAQ first) x 2 (Partner Order: Caucasian partner first, African American partner first) x 2 (Cooperative Expectancy Instructions: none, cooperative expectancy) (1) x 2 (Partner Race: Caucasian, African American) ANOVA with repeated measures on the last variable.
1997), multiple regression analyses were conducted to determine whether scores on the IAT and the PAAQ predicted participants' cooperative behavior towards the African American partner.
Both the IAT and the Pro-Black subscale of the PAAQ were significant predictors of the behavior of Caucasians toward African American partners in a PD.
One might wonder why the Pro-Black subscale of the PAAQ was a significant predictor of participants' cooperative behavior with the Black partner, while the Anti-Black subscale was not.
Perhaps this positivity is also related to the ability of the positive PAAQ subscale, and not the negative, to predict behavior in the PD.
In Experiment 2 we attempted to duplicate this result using the IAT as our measure of implicit attitudes and the PAAQ as our explicit measure.
It was expected that both the IAT and PAAQ would significantly predict verbal and nonverbal behaviors.
The PAAQ was administered according to the procedure outlined in Experiment 1.
In the attitude assessment session, participants completed the IAT and PAAQ.