PAFMECAPan-African Freedom Movement for East and Central Africa
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PAFMECA under the Chairmanship of Julius Nyerere took up the boycott against South Africa as one of its campaigns in 1959.
We know that the liberation struggle will triumph in South Africa." (24) PAFMECA was, therefore, involved in the struggle for South Africa within a year of its formation.
East African leaders moved quickly to support the boycott once they agreed on it in PAFMECA. In August, 1959 Tom Mboya, cofounder of PAFMECA, announced plans to organize a more comprehensive boycott of South African goods through the agency of the Kenya Federation of Labor of which he was General-Secretary.
These nationalists intended to attend meetings in Kampala to be convened by PAFMECA and trade unions from Uganda, Kenya, and Tanganyika, where the Boycott South Africa goods would be visited and harsher measures would certainly be taken.
The intervention of the South African government on the PAFMECA conference reveals that they took the organization seriously and viewed it as a threat.
Nyerere gave the opening speech at the conference PAFMECA conference in Moshi, Tanganyika.
(32) The two trade unionists understood that the consumer boycott should not be the domain of trade unions exclusively and that the whole issue should be discussed again at the following PAFMECA meeting.
Tanganyikans began to work for implementing the PAFMECA resolution and campaign for a wider boycott against South Africa after the Moshi conference.
A British Tanganyika intelligence report stated that "in most Provinces South African goods have virtually disappeared from shop-keepers' shelves, as a result of pressure from TANU and Trade Union Officials." (38) This was a victory for Tanganyika as well as PAFMECA. The campaign initiated by PAFMECA to launch a campaign to boycott South African goods was implemented successfully by the Tanganyika and Kenya leaders using both the labor unions, TANU, and Kenyan African National Union (KANU).
Another successful PAFMECA campaign was in support of Northern Rhodesia's (Zambia) independence.
PAFMECA leaders placed all their efforts on Northern Rhodesians.
(44) The Pan Africanist and civil rights activist from the US, Bill Sutherland, played role in organizing the Mbeya campaign in conjunction with PAFMECA, UNIP, and the Tanganyika government.