By 1964, the Allies began an air campaign against mobile and stationary targets along the route "from southwestern North Vietnam, through southeastern Laos, and into South Vietnam." Concurrently, air assets were used for CAS missions in support of RLG forces, CIA-supported Hmong tribal forces, and Thai "volunteers." In what became the clandestine ground war in northern Laos, Barrel Roll worked to help the "secret army" hurl back incursions by the PAVN
and Pathet Lao.
They explained that the apparent inaction was largely due to that nation's physical inability to repel the PAVN
forces rather than a conscious decision by the Sihanouk and Lon Nol governments to allow the unrestricted use of their territory.
"How could the most powerful nation on Earth be defeated by a tiny third world nation somewhere off in the Pacific?" Jon's answer came after visiting My, a PAVN
veteran and professor, at the university in Ho Chi Minh City.
Pike, op.cit., as well as his PAVN
: People's Army of Vietnam (Novato, CA: Presidio, 1986).
* 1969, when Gen Creighton Abrams, the US commander, directly attacked the PAVN
and almost destroyed it.
Such statements are, undoubtedly, sweet music to the ears of General Vo Nguyen Giap, who commanded the Communist PAVN
in Vietnam and, now in his 90s, still occupies the top post in the Communist People's Republic of Vietnam.
He criticizes those who harbor "naive thoughts" and claim that the Tet Offensive was a military disaster for the revolutionary armies (PAVN
and PLAF) but a great political success nonetheless (p.
In March, 1966, some 13,100 PAVN
(People's Army of Vietnam) and 225,000 NLF soldiers faced 216,000 U.S., 690.000 ARVN (Army of the republic of Vietnam) and 23,000 third-country (mostly South Korean) forces.
And the Vietnam war was won by an extraordinary creation, the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN
presidency (TP01, Jos Mara Morelos y Pavn
) and instructed to identify all those
These included offensive ground operations by South Vietnamese forces in Laos to interdict the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN
) lines of supply down the Ho Chi Minh Trail and similar actions north of the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).
As mentioned above, the main objective was the destruction of the enemy's logistics hub and the prevention of a potential impending offensive by the North's People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN