While the PCCIP found no immediate threat to the nation's critical infrastructure at the time, it correctly predicted that critical infrastructure cybersecurity would become a growing national security threat in the future and called on the US government to take action.
In any event, the PCCIP's findings led Clinton to sign Presidential Decision Directive 63 (PDD-63) on May 22, 1998.
Nevertheless, it attracted great concern after the PCCIP submitted a report which highlighted the topic of critical infrastructures in 1997 (Robles et al.
The PCCIP (1997) noted, high interdependencies and complexities of infrastructures would result in rather minor and routine disturbances in one infrastructure yet leading to major failures in another infrastructure.
released its report to President Clinton in October 1997.
, comprised of ten government commissioners and ten private-sector commissioners, studied the vulnerability of the nation from both physical and cyber attack and offered recommendations to the President.(5) The resulting recommendations described the PCCIP
's national policy proposal and set forth a strategy to implement them.
Unfortunately, the structured, sophisticated computer attack waged against the DOD in February 1998 indicates the PCCIP and DSB threat assessments may now be overly optimistic.
According to the PCCIP, the United States uses 42 percent of the world's computing power and 60 percent of the world's Internet assets.
In this sense, the PCCIP's report may be viewed as a call for prudent actions, lest these concerns eventually be demonstrated to have been accurate.
The charter of the PCCIP identified eight: telecommunications, electrical power systems; gas and oil transportation and storage; banking and finance; transportation, water supply systems; emergency services (including medical, police, fire, and rescue); and government services .
is to be commended for the breadth and scope of their report, which provides some recommendations for future action that deserve your careful attention.
It is one of the critical recommendations made in the PCCIP
and probably one of the hardest to realize.