y VILLEROY DE GALIHAU, E, Il moderno sviluppo delle attivita finanziarie alla luce delle esigenze etiche del Cristianesimo, Citta del Vaticano: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1994; UFFICIO NAZIONALE DELLA CEI PER I PROBLEMI SOCIALI E IL LAVORO, Finanza Internazionale e agire morale...; PCJP, A New International Financial Pact.
Sollicitudo rei socialis, 16, 19 y 43; Centesimus annus, 35-36; Catecismo de la Iglesia Catolica (CEC), 2438-2440; PCJP, Compendio de la Doctrina Social de la Iglesia, Madrid: BAC-Planeta, 2005, 368-369; Caritas in veritate, 21, 24-25, 36-37, 40, 45, 65, 68 y 71.
(45) Estas consideraciones no estan lejos de lo que afirmaba el PCJP: <<the market's good functioning calls for an important role of the State and, where appropriate, of the international community to establish the rules of transparency and prudence and make them respected>> (PCJP, A New International Financial Pact ..., 17-18).
The sources include the Bible, papal speeches and encyclicals, the PCJP statement, the 1971 Catholic bishops' synod on justice in the world, their own 1986 economic pastoral letter, the 1989 UNICEF annual report, comments from debtor country bishops and the UN secretary-general, and World Bank studies.
The PCJP statement declares that the church "hopes to enlighten the moral conscience of the decision makers, but she does so without proposing action programs which would be outside her field of competence." (23) Nevertheless, three-quarters of the statement proceeds to offer moderately detailed short-, medium-, and long-term policy recommendations to the four sets of actors it identifies as coresponsible for both the crisis and its resolution: creditor country governments, debtor country governments, public- and private-sector creditors, and multilateral financial organizations.
The ethical motivation for the PCJP statement is expressed succinctly.
These ethical judgments led the PCJP to formulate six ethical principles, broadly cast as general rules to guide the relevant parties' response to the crisis: create new norms of solidarity; accept co-responsibility; establish relations of trust; know how to share efforts and sacrifices; foster the participation of all; and identify emergency and long-term measures.
The PCJP offers relatively extensive policy recommendations, which it divides into immediate emergency measures for those countries unable to meet their payments and whose populations are particularly suffering, and medium- and long-term "adjustment measures" organized according to the four groups of actors previously cited.
The PCJP urges industrialized country and developing country governments, creditors (states, commercial banks, and multinational companies), and multilateral financial organizations to play an active role in international efforts to address the crisis.