(2005) determine functional analysis and no intervention was conducted; problem behaviors were lower during some conditions (e.g., play) AUT = autism; BP = behavioral problems; CP = cerebral palsy; HL = hearing loss; ID = intellectual disability; PH = physically handicapped; PDD-NOS
= Pervasive Developmental Disorders-Not Otherwise Specified; VI = visual impairment; F = female; M = male.
In the current study, we compared (discordance of) fingerprint patterns, atd-angles, and PFC patterns of northern European boys of average intellect and ASD (mainly PDD-NOS
), with TD boys.
studied C677T polymorphism of the MTHFR gene in three groups of children diagnosed with autism (n = 15), Asperger syndrome (n = 5), and PDD-NOS
(n = 19) and their age- and sex-matched controls (n = 25).
Supplemental information provided for 11 of the 15 studies in the systematic review Age Study Diagnosis range (in years) Horvath AD or 2.5-10 1999  PDD-NOS
Sandler AD (a) 3.6-7 2000  Finegold Autism 2002  Parracho ASD 2-16 2005  Finegold ASD 2-13 2010  Gondalia ASD 2-14 2010  Adams Autism, 2.5-18 2011  PDD-NOS
, AS Wang AD, AS (a) 3.1-18.4 2010 , 2011  Gondalia Autism, AS 2-12 2012  Williams AD (e) 3-5 2011  Kang ASD 3-16 2013  Study GI symptoms Horvath ASD.
It is important to note that in some countries ASD refers only to autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD), which includes the diagnoses of autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS
), and Asperger's Disorder (AD) are lifelong neurodevelopmental conditions characterized by severe qualitative impairments in reciprocal social interaction; communication; and restricted, repetitive behavior, interests, and activities.
Uono of Kyoto (Japan) University and his colleagues looked at 54 Japanese patients: 18 "typically developing" controls, 18 with Asperger's disorder, and 18 with pervasive developmental disorder--not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS
Vinnie's small vocabulary and sizeable talent are thought to be due to a development disorder called PDD-NOS
, which is classified as a high functioning form of autism, and would be the answer if you were ever asked in a pub quiz "What do Albert Einstein, Bill Gates and Vinnie Macris have in common?".
Results: At the end of follow-up, 270 children in the study sample had been diagnosed with ASDs: 114 with autistic disorder, 56 with Asperger syndrome and 100 with PDD-NOS
. In children whose mothers took folic acid, 0.10% (64/61,042) had autistic disorder, compared with 0.21% (50/24,134) in those unexposed to folic acid.
"I don't think schools are going to rearrange labels, but down the road, children we call PDD-NOS
[pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified] are going to be harder to fit into the new criteria" when the DSM-5 is published in May, said Dr.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, the three most common diagnoses are based on behavioral criteria with children at the lower end of the autism spectrum labeled with Asperger syndrome, the middle range called pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS
), and the most severe are identified with autistic disorder (National Institute of Mental Health, 2009).
Not severely, it's called "high-functioning" in therapy-speak, but diagnosed with a form of autism called PDD-NOS
Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified, a category under the autism spectrum disorders umbrella.