However, the country split in two, creating the northern Republic, and PDRY
in the south.
quickly set about launching a modernization project in a country that lacked a unified national economy, political structure, and legal system.
As for the main supporters of the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY
), the Russians, they were sticking to the now dominant policy of Gorbachev and others: to disengage from the Third World and urge 'national reconciliation', i.e.
He then declared himself leader of the southern separatist movement (known as the Southern Mobility Movement, or SMM) and called for the resurrection of the PDRY
. He has many supporters, but there are enough rivals to his claimed mantle of leadership to keep the SMM divided and, therefore, less effective in its stance against the government.
But they expressed the hope that consumption could be reduced citing as a good example the PDRY
's qat law that had limited chewing to weekends.
The Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) was supported by Saudi Arabia and the PDRY
received arms and support from the Soviet Union.
Late on Tuesday, a similar crowd had gathered in the city brandishing PDRY
flags, as well as portraits of Ali Salem al-Baidh, who served as the last president of an independent south before union with the north in 1990 and who now lives in exile.
Authorities in the South could be empowered to resolve the land-expropriation disputes that are perceived as symbols of northern "colonization," while the different levels of government could agree to reinstate in the military and civil service officials from the former PDRY
or to provide them with adequate pensions.
In June 1969, a radical wing of the Marxist NLF gained power and changed the country's name on December 1, 1970, to the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY
The Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, praised the generosity and hospitality of the Naas qabili, the tribal people of Yemen, who have resisted the authority of every ruler in Sanaa and Aden, from the Ottomans to the British, from the Marxist Politburo of the defunct Peoples Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY
) to President Saleh.
After two decades of rivalry between the two Yemeni regimes, with their capitals in Sanaa and Aden respectively, and two wars in which the two states tried by force to impose their own conception of 'unity' on the other ( the north invading the south in 1972, with support from Libya and Saudi Arabia, the south invading the north in 1979), a gradual rapprochement took place in the late 1980s: the lessening of Soviet support to the south under Gorbachev, the exhaustion of the PDRY
's experiment in Soviet-style socialism, and the prospect of oil revenues that would boost the economy of both, led Presidents Ali Abdullah Saleh and Ali al Bidh to commit to unity in May 1990.
In 1970 the republic's name was changed to the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY