Program directors responded that the robotic surgery training commonly occurs as follows: introduction to robotic surgery during PGY1, achievement of proficiency via simulation prior to bedside assisting during PGY2, and then practicing and advancing until they can control the console, which usually occurs during PGY4. Despite this stepwise training, we found that chief residents are not required to attain competency in robotic surgery prior to graduation.
(N = 19, PGY4 (10.53%) 20, resp.) PGY5 (5.26%) What is your program's Conference/didactic session (0%) current/the best method to Teaching labs/simulation (10.53%) deliver robotic surgery Operating room experience (5.26%) training during residency?
The ratios of PGY2 residents, PGY4 residents, and fellows did not vary significantly with use of a powered drill ([chi square] [5, N= 79] = 0.791, p = 0.673).
Distribution of otolaryngology resident and fellow surgical assistants during type 1 tympanoplasty Surgical Use of powered No drill use, Total, assistant drill, n (%) n (%) n (%) Fellow 11 (32.4) 46 (33.3) 57 (33.1) PGY4 3 (8.8) 10 (7.2) 13 (7.6) PGY2 1 (2.9) 8 (5.8) 9 (5.2) No assistant 19 (55.9) 74 (53.6) 93 (54.1) Key: PGY4 = fourth post-graduate year resident trainee: PGY2 = second post-graduate year resident trainee.
Respondent demographics (N = 94) Variable Sex, n (%) Men 64 (68.1) Women 30 (31.9) Mean age (range) 29.6 (26 to 46) Residency year, n (%) PGY1 21 (22.3) PGY2 20 (21.3) PGY3 17 (18.1) PGY4
18 (19.1) PGY5 18 (19.1) Residency program, n (%) University of Toronto 14 (14.9) McGill University 12 (12.8) Dalhousie University 10 (10.6) University of Alberta 7 (7.4) University of Ottawa 6 (6.4) University of Manitoba 6 (6.4) University of British Columbia 4 (4.3) University of Calgary 4 (4.3) Universite de Sherbrooke 4 (4.3) Universite de Montreal 4 (4.3) Universite Laval 4 (4.3) University of Western Ontario 3 (3.2) McMaster University 1 (1.1) Undeclared 15 (16.0) Table 2.
Culver while a third-year radiology resident (PGY4
), at Norwalk Hospital, Norwalk, CT.
George is PGY4
Resident, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York.
In programs spanning multiple years, such as Pathology, the PGY1 and PGY2 classes will be interviewed by one field surveyor, and the PGY3 and PGY4 classes will be interviewed by the other field surveyor in a separate room to avoid actual or perceived bias from the senior residents.
At Los Angeles County + University of Southern California Medical Center, the residents were reviewed 1 resident at a time, looking at all 29 milestones and starting with PGY4s, who had begun or completed most of the milestones.
Note that Res encompasses all postgraduate years of training, including those typically designated for fellows (PGY4
Didactic Sessions.--During the first 4-week rotation at institution 1 (Los Angeles County + University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, California), all PGY1 residents are assigned to a single site, and morning lectures are given specifically for the PGY1 class, separate from the lectures and conferences given concomitantly to the PGY2 through PGY4
Demographics ofTrainees Parameters Response, % Type of institution Large academic 76 Small academic 15 Community hospital 7 Other (please specify) 2 PGY year distribution PGY1 15 PGY2 22 PGY3 25 PGY4
26 PGY5 10 PGY6 2 Track for residency training AP only 4 CP only 2 AP/CP combined 93 AP/subspecialty (eg, AP/NP) 1 Abbreviations: AP, anatomic pathology; CP, clinical pathology; NP, neuropathology; PGY, postgraduate year.