To evaluate the convergent and divergent validity of the PHCI, we included career decision self-efficacy and vocational identity status in a manner consistent with prior literature.
Planned happenstance was assessed with the PHCI (Kim, Jung, et al., 2014), a measure originally developed in South Korea that is based on planned happenstance theory (Mitchell et al., 1999) and HLT (Krumboltz, 2008).
As one way to examine the PHCI's convergent and divergent validity, we used the Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (CDSE-SF; Betz et al., 1996).
As a second way to examine the convergent and divergent validity of die PHCI, we used the Vocational Identity Status Assessment (VISA; Porfeli et al., 2011).
Korean researchers fluent in English translated the Korean version of the PHCI (Kim, Jung, et al., 2014) into English.
Although this rate appears to be higher compared to the studies performed both in the area and PHCIs, it represents similar rates obtained in some studies (1,2,3,4,13,27,29,30,31).
PHCIs have an important role in detecting the patients who are not willing to receive help, though they need psychiatric support.
Therefore, we hypothesized that career stress would be negatively correlated with all five factors of the PHCI.
Study 1 involved item generation and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to develop the PHCI items.
We generated items for the initial version of the PHCI using the five skill domains and their subordinate constructs as defined in happenstance theory (Mitchell et al., 1999): Curiosity (exploring new learning opportunities), Persistence (exerting effort despite setbacks), Flexibility (changing attitudes and circumstances), Optimism (viewing new opportunities, as possible and attainable), and Risk Taking (taking action in the face of uncertain outcomes).
Participants completed 130 items in the initial form of the PHCI in one mass testing session.
Thus, all of the 25 selected PHCI items were shown to be good markers of their corresponding factors, broken down as follows: 34.17% for Optimism, 10.60% for Flexibility, 5.11% for Persistence, 3.18% for Curiosity, and 2.58% for Risk Taking.