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PHDCN researchers measured practices of informal social control through a five-item Likert-type scale:
To measure indicia of neighborhood social cohesion and trust, PHDCN researchers asked respondents how strongly they agreed that: (i) "people around here are willing to help their neighbors," (ii) "this is a close-knit neighborhood," (iii) "people in this neighborhood can be trusted," (iv) "people in this neighborhood generally don't get along with each other," and (v) "people in this neighborhood do not share the same values." Id.
the PHDCN and the FFCW are both large-scale longitudinal surveys, there
represented in the PHDCN is very different than the FFCW.
of caregiver-child conflict evident in the PHDCN across a broader age
(35) Unfortunately, the PHDCN does not include information on the
Personnel at the ICPSR then matched the school closing and neighborhood tract data so that we knew whether, and in what year, a Catholic elementary school (or more than one) had closed in any of the PHDCN neighborhoods.
Using the PHDCN data, we then estimated the effect of a closed Catholic school on neighborhood social cohesion and disorder through a Two-Stage Least Squares (2SLS) regression.
The community survey conducted by PHDCN asked residents "how much of a problem" they considered three manifestations of social disorder--drinking in public, selling or using drugs, and teenagers causing disturbances.
For our measure of social cohesion, we rely on the PHDCN survey data, described above, which asked residents to indicate their level of agreement and disagreement with the following statements: (a) "People around here are willing to help their neighbors;" (b) "This is a close-knit neighborhood;" (c) "People in this neighborhood can be trusted;" (d) "People in this neighborhood do not generally get along with each other;" and (e) "People in this neighborhood do not share the same values." Although these data were compiled separately for each of the 3382 respondents included in the 2SLS regression (Table 4), the scale of five items was also compiled on a neighborhood level.
This finding reinforces and deepens the PHDCN conclusion that organization is positively related to collective efficacy.
Despite the potential short and longterm effect dramatized by the PHDCN findings, there is a persistent difficulty with isolated grassroots activity.