Between 2009 and 2019, there have been four PHEIC
declarations: For H1N1 (or swine flu) pandemic in 2009, polio declaration, and outbreak of Ebola in Western Africa in 2014, and the 201516 Zika virus epidemic.RESPOND PROMPTLYThe WHO international health regulations, drafted in 2005, say that the international emergency label should apply to a situation that is "serious, unusual or unexpected carries implications for public health beyond the affected State's national border and may require immediate international action.
is defined as, "an extraordinary event which is determined to constitute a public health risk to other states through the international spread of disease and to potentially require a coordinated international response".
Last month the committee decided against declaring a PHEIC
because the potential disruption risked causing economic harm, while achieving nothing.
August of 2014 that the WHO declared Ebola a PHEIC
under the IHRs of
However, the World Health declaration of the virus as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC
) is an indication that a successful breakthrough might be achieved when collaborative research in which physicians exchange not only their data but also derive from a pool of multidisciplinary experience, an understanding to promote surveillance, patient management, and public health intervention on ZikV is embraced.
The International Certificate of Vaccination and Prophylaxis (ICVP) has been expanded from solely pertaining to yellow fever immunization to an infinite potential of temporary or permanent certificate requirements for any "public health emergency of international concern" or PHEIC
issued by the WHO.
On August 8, 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the EVD outbreak in West Africa a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC
) under the International Health Regulations (2005).
Zika virus and microcephaly: Why is this situation a PHEIC
? Lancet 2016;387:719-21.
In February 2016, the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC
) because of clusters of microcephaly and other neurological disorders in some areas affected by Zika.
The WHO declared ZIKV a "Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC
)", with triggering funding into research, vector control, and efforts to stop pregnant women becoming infected.4 In the following part of the manuscript the epidemiology, phobia against ZIKV in mass gathering and recommendation for its prevention and control is being discussed.
Zika has officially been declared a pandemic, that is, a "public health emergency of international concern," or PHEIC
("WHO Director-General Summarizes the Outcome of the Emergency Committee regarding Clusters of Microcephaly and Guillain-Barre Syndrome," Margaret Chan, Media Centre, WHO, Feb.
The WHO's Geneva headquarters in February declared the Zika outbreak a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC
), warning it was spreading "explosively" in the Americas.