Some of the obstacles preventing PHLs
from implementing the bioinformatic-dependent analysis are the requirements for large-scale computational capabilities, complex molecular evolutionary analyses, and dedicated bioinformatics staff to perform these analyses.
This paper describes the creation of a collaborative forum in Wales that represents organizations with an interest in enhancing food safety, including local authorities, FSA Wales, and PHLS
Dr Jeremy Hawker, of the Midland-based communicable disease surveillance centre for the PHLS
, said: 'The majority of cases in the Midlands are still among the traditional risk groups, such as gay men.
They are not counted because the majority are unlicensed vaccines - only the rubella single vaccine is licensed in the UK - and there is no way of monitoring how many children receive them, a spokeswoman for the PHLS
, which monitors the spread of disease across the UK, says it noted that most of the extra cases last year were among the elderly: 68 per cent of all cases were in people aged 65 or over.
Dr Sarah O'Brien, of the PHLS
' communicable disease surveillance centre, said: 'We see around 15,000 cases of salmonella each year in England and Wales, so the numbers here are comparatively low.
The virus was discovered by the PHLS
and the World Health Organisation's global influenza surveillance programme.
According to the public health laboratory service (PHLS
) about 1,100 new African HIV cases ended up in London last year.
Referring to the current outbreak, a PHLS
spokesman said: ``Clearly this is a very significant outbreak.
But the PHLS
stressed today that the sharp rise was due to a particular outbreak linked to several nurseries and schools in south London, which flared early this year and has now died down.
All clinical trials are currently on hold as UKXIRA is trying to organize the involvement of the Public Health Laboratory Service (PHLS
) in order to ensure adequate disease surveillance.