As Elie points out, both UNHCR and PICMME
were "offsprings of the IRO [International Refugee Organization], but neither were its true successor." (14) UNHCR was delegated to take on IRO's legal protection work, but the United States, which dominated negotiations over the establishment of both UNHCR and PICMME
, opposed the creation of an operational UN agency with responsibility for (forced) migrants.
(2.) First created in late 1951 as the Provisional Intergovernmental Committee for the Movement of Migrants from Europe (PICMME), the organization changed its name three times.
(59.) See Letter from Pierre Jacobsen, PICMME deputy director, to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 27 February 1952; and Letter from James M.