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The nonparticipant group did not attend the PIFT, but they did engage in a variety of activities over spring break.
The results indicate that there were significant differences between the PIFT participants and those who did not participate in service activities over the course of spring break.
First, it is evident that the PIFT group scored significantly higher on all but one outcome while accounting for pretrip scores and other relevant variables.
Additional descriptors collected from the PIFT participants shed more light on the unique aspects of this population.
Given the regional, cultural, academic and socioeconomic similarities of the PIFT and nonparticipant groups, they can be considered comparable.
PIFT participants were more open to new experiences and demonstrated higher levels of compassion (i.e., Affection), of cognitive drive and reflectivity (i.e., not impulsive or judgmental).
PIFT participants may represent Plog's (1994) 'allocentric' tourist type, as they are relatively well travelled (<70% have travelled outside of the US), adventurous and value independent thought.
This may explain the high level of leadership experience reported by the PIFT participants.
The PIFT is a highly structured tour, with little free time or choice of activities.
Given the high degree of travel experience and leadership involvement reported by PIFT participants, it is possible that these factors could play a role.
The results provide evidence that the PIFT voluntour participants are a unique clientele and that their trip experiences and/or routine activities contribute to a growing gap in openness, cognition, affection and reflection.
Figure 1 illustrates the nature of the change for PIFT and non-PIFT study participants.
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- Piffy on a rock bun
- piffy on a rock cake
- pig bed
- Pig boat
- pig dog
- pig ears
- pig ears
- pig ears
- Pig EST Data Explorer
- Pig Eye Muscle Membrane
- pig farm
- Pig farmer
- Pig Farmers Association of Ghana