PINACPhotography Is Not a Crime (Carlos Miller blog)
PINACPatient Intensity for Nursing: Ambulatory Care
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References in periodicals archive ?
Measuring nursing intensity in ambulatory care Part II: Developing and testing PINAC. Nursing Economic$, 14(2), 86-116.
Finally, Part I concluded with a discussion of the conceptual basis of the PINAC and the PINI from which it was derived.
Part II focuses on the development and testing of the PINAC and presents data regarding the reliability and validity of this new PCS for ambulatory care.
Initial drafts of the PINAC were prepared in 1991 and then reviewed by nurses practicing in a variety of ambulatory care clinics associated with the Warren G.
Nurses practicing in a variety of ambulatory clinics were trained in correct PINAC use using group discussions of actual patient case studies.
At a minimum, both reliability or consistency of PINAC as well as the validity or extent to which it measures what it purports to measure should be demonstrated.
Over 150 nurses rated 5,460 patient visits using the PINAC during the study period.
The PINI and PINAC include selected concepts from both medical and nursing approaches to classifying patients in ambulatory care.
Like the PINI, the PINAC shown in Figure 3, has three conceptual dimensions: severity of illness, patients' psycho/social needs, and complexity of care (Prescott, 1991).
In the PINAC they are isolated in a separate dimension given their large importance in ambulatory care.
In addition to the three conceptual dimensions, the PINAC also contains items describing type of visit.
For this reason, the visit descriptors were added to the other eight items of the PINAC which measure patient care needs.