While the scope of information collection and processing is not as broadly defined in Canada as it is under the EU regime, Canada's PIPEDA
also applies to personal information that both private sector organizations collect in the course of commercial activities and that the federal government collects in connection with its work.
does not, however, govern private-sector organizations operating in provinces that have comprehensive privacy legislation deemed substantially similar to PIPEDA
In addition to PIPEDA
, certain Canadian provinces (e.g., Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, and Quebec) have provincial personal information guidelines that further address issues related to RFID usage and some even include enforcement mechanisms (Cavoukian 2006).
In addition to PIPEDA
, the privacy badges project was informed by an array of theoretical and methodological approaches concerning privacy, digital policy literacy, and codesign.
Further, in 2017, the Federal Court of Canada declared that the operator of Globe24h had violated PIPEDA
and ordered him to, among other things, "remove all Canadian court and tribunal decisions containing personal information from Error!
(1) In the interest of patient access to their medical records, various legislation has been adopted worldwide, (2) such as Europe's Data Protection Directive, (3) USA's Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)(4) or Canada's Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA
The Court then turned to examine PIPEDA
, observing at the outset that it was "not much more illuminating" than the contractual terms of the IP service agreement.
The new provisions, which took effect June 18, are part of the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA
") in order to protect consumer personal information.
In addition, an organization may disclose to a government institution if (1) the institution has made a request for the information, (2) the institution has identified its lawful authority to obtain the information, and (3) the disclosure is requested for the purpose of administering any law of Canada or a province (PIPEDA
, s 7(3)(c.l)(iii)).
[W]hile the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA
) does not have extraterritorial effect, the Canadian Federal Privacy Commission did have the legal authority to investigate the potentially illegal collection of data in Canada by an organization located outside of Canada.
Legislative Context: Relationship Between Police and a Third Party (i) PIPEDA
and Section 487.014(1) of the Criminal Code (ii) Ward's Analysis of the PIPEDA
Reasonableness Standard B.