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PIXEProton-Induced X-Ray Emission (aka Particle-Induced X-Ray Emission)
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PIXE is a bulk method which excludes the possibility to examine the heterogeneity of the ceramic fabric, technological aspects apart from bulk composition and, crucially, elemental analysis of the ceramic body (for a PIXE application to analyse the coating and ceramic fabric separately, see Leon et al.
Trace element measurements in atmospheric biomonitors--a look at the relative performance of INAA and PIXE on olive-tree bark, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 505: 425-429.
2002, Magmatic vapour phase transport of copper in reduced porphyry copper-gold deposits: evidence from PIXE microanalysis of fluid inclusions: EOS Transactions AGU, v.
In order to verify the authenticity of the date, the sur face of the enamel was analysed by means of beams of ions with PIXE and PIGME metals (respectively, particle-induced x and gamma rays) using the AGLAE accelerator at the C2RMF.
PIXE showed that the total sulfur concentration was reduced, thereby increasing the copper/sulfur and zinc/sulfur ratios, and XPS showed that the oxygen concentration was increased, thus promoting zinc oxide formation.
The PIXE conference is a biennial event at which recent developments and future prospects in particle induced X-ray spectrometry are discussed.
Analysis of of trace elements in trunk wood by thick-target PIXE using dry ashing for pre-concentration, Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry 385(4): 523-528.
The mineralogy and trace element chemistry of Lake Michigan coastal sands and the sand size fractions of tills from the Lake Michigan and Saginaw lobes have been investigated optically and with the electron microprobe and PIXE (proton induced x-ray emission).
PA-FTIR and PIXE information bases were established by characterizing various rubber ingredients, such as elastomers, fillers and curatives, and model tire compounds prepared with varying ingredients at different levels.
Surprisingly, a new study using both laser ablation ICPMS and PIXE PIGME has sourced the most distant stemmed tool, from Biak Island (Friede 2005: II, 86; Figures 2 and 11) to the Umleang obsidian source on Lou Island, in Manus province (Figure 11) and represents the first evidence that this source was in use during the mid-Holocene (Torrence et al.
They provide PIXE and INAA data for these wares, along with details of their mineralogy and petrography, with the goal of distinguishing local and imported wares.