The Power as Knowing Participation Tool (PKPCT
) Version II is a 52-item, 7-point semantic differential instrument used to measure power as knowing participation in change.
The local consultant approached the Healthcare System key project leaders to consider enhancing the program evaluation process by adding the PKPCT
This finding was confirmed by statistical analysis in the descriptive summary (PKPCT
Total skew = -.68; kurtosis = -.38).
Data regarding subscale scores or mean scores on the PKPCT
were not reported.
The following is a breakdown of remaining 36 responses where the PKPCT
was used in total or in part: fifteen doctoral dissertations; five master's theses; seven researchers not associated with a degree program; and six uses for other purposes (i.e., inclusion in a textbook, research class, program evaluation).
Subsequently, she studied the relationship of power and well-being in 881 Korean men and women and found that well-being can be facilitated by enhanced power, as measured by the PKPCT
(Kim, T., Kim, C., Park, K, Park, Y, & Lee, B., NSQ, 2008, 21, 3, 247-254).
The total WQI (Whitley & Putzier, 1994) and PKPCT
, Version 11 (Barrett, 1983) scores were used in Pearson product moment correlations with stress and its four manifestations.
Questions and ideas that needed clarification arose in a small group of doctoral students meeting to discuss Barrett's theory of power and the use of the PKPCT
. The group contacted Barrett.
The second purpose of this study was to see if the new instructions for the Power as Knowing Participation in Change tool (PKPCT
version II) (Barrett, 1984, 1987,1998) were easy to understand by various groups of employees.
Individuals with chronic pain demonstrated significantly lower scores of power and motion as measured by Barrett's PKPCT
, Version II, suggesting a negative relation between power, motion, and pain.
Scores on the PKPCT
: A, AD-ACL: E, ADE, modified PCI: AE & AA, taken together, will describe more of the variance in scores on the CLW-B than any one alone.
Barrett (1990) developed the Power As Knowing Participation in Change Test (PKPCT
) to measure the construct of power which "dynamically describes the way humans interact with their environment to actualize some potentials for unitary change" (Barrett, 1990, p.