PLWHAPeople Living With HIV/AIDS
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20) After excluding cases of PLWHA with HIV-2 (n=2), under 18 years of age (n=216), those residing out of state (n=115), and women admitted during pregnancy, childbirth or the puerperium with an ICD-9 CM code of 647.
The stigmas surrounding HIV/AIDS deter PLWHA from being tested for HIV, disclosing their HIV status, or seeking medical treatment for the disease (Lieber et al.
The results in this study agree with reports from other studies; diverse factors like the symptoms perceived by PLWHA have been associated to lower quality-of life scores (12); likewise, some social characteristics have been associated with a low quality-of-life index (13).
In spite of research and intervention efforts for prevention and treatment, access to appropriate health information by PLWHA in Nigeria constitutes a great barrier (NACA, 2005).
Of these, approximately 405,000 PLWHA were on ART, and 356,000 (88%) of them presented with viral suppression at least six months after initiation of antiretroviral therapy.
The literature on occupational therapy interventions for PLWHA is sparse.
The objective of this study is to assess the comprehensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS and the attitude toward PLWHA among adults of reproductive age group in an urban slum in Bengaluru.
sup][10] It was determined to be effective in reducing the infectivity of HIV, thus reducing illness and deaths of PLWHA.
Since delayed screening practices will have an impact on early detection, and given the high burden of HPV-related cancers on PLWHA in PR (4), it is important to understand the knowledge related to cancer screening practices among healthcare professionals who provide direct services to this population.
Comprehensive nutritional assessments and food security- boosting initiatives alongside other health care and socio-economic strategies are pivotal in improving longevity and quality of life for PLWHA using ARVs in a slum set up.
As coordinator of the Infectious and Parasitic Diseases Service (SDIP) of the UFMG Hospital das Clinicas (HC--University Hospital) and with the understanding that the university must be the center disseminating knowledge to the community, I proposed that the SDIP establish a reference structure (prevention, treatment, laboratory, education and research) for PLWHA or those at risk of infection.
For PLWHA, the presence of HIV-related stigma, or societal disapproval geared at PLWHA, directly affects quality of life (Maguire et al.