PMESII-PTPolitical, Military, Economic, Social, Infrastructure, Information, Physical Environment, and Time (US Army)
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Army doctrine states that incorporating the analysis of operational variables (PMESII-PT) with mission variables (METTTC) ensures that leaders consider their OE in relation to their mission (see Figure 3).
During periods of growth, progress generally occurs in one or two areas of PMESII-PT. But, the rapid change in operational tempo that results from progress in one area inadvertently stresses or otherwise affects the tempo and progress in other PMESII-PT areas.
Through area study, civil reconnaissance, and the execution of CAO, special operations [Civil Affairs] CA forces gather civil information on the PMESII-PT variables.
The staff would categorize these IRs along the same variables used to frame the problem (i.e., PMESII-PT or SWOT).
Rationalizing the relationship between PMESII-PT and the Army's Operating Concept should reveal the OE as more encompassing than PMESII-PT, while acknowledging PMESII-PT as a strategic and operational planning tool for DIME (Diplomatic, Information, Military, and Economic)actions and METT-TC as a tactical assessment and planning tool.
For instance, for a PMESII-PT assessment of New York City's importance in context of the rest of the U.S., it would probably suffice to list the major demographic groups in a table by percentage, since the spatial distribution of each group is not needed to the single household level.
When conducting analysis, less of the Military portion of PMESII-PT must be looked at and a more in-depth look must be taken at the political, economic and social aspects.
Analytic tools, such as PMESII-PT or ASCOPE, allow soldiers to identify significant components of an operational environment (OE).
Moreover, a functional grasp of the political, military, economic, social, infrastructure, information, physical environment, and time (PMESII-PT) of a specific military region is also essential.
Existing doctrine in the form of PMESII-PT and ASCOPE is inadequate and insufficient to the task.
These are the operational variables: political, military, economic, social, information, infrastructure, physical terrain, and time (PMESII-PT); and mission variables: mission, enemy, troops and support, terrain and weather, time available and civil considerations (METT-TC).
For framing the operational environment, the operational variables (political, military, economic, social, information, infrastructure, physical environment, and time, or PMESII-PT) are used; for framing the problem, the mission variables (mission, enemy, terrain and weather, troops and support available, time available, and civil considerations, or METT-TC) start to come into play.