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The average PMPY rate for an event computed as the total number of events the population had over the study period divided by the total enrollment years of the population.
Both Armello and PMPY were made in Melbourne, are available on several platforms (including PC, Mac and PlayStation 4), and have received various amounts of government funding.
Practices Owned by Physicians 40% N/A Practices Owned by IDS 60% N/A Full time Equivalent Physician 134 86 Rural Location 20% N/A Proportion of Diabetic Patients in a Practice Who Had Annual A1c Test 86% 18 ACS Hospital Rate 12.1% 6.37 Proportion of ED Visits Classified as Non-emergent 7-4% 4-2 Proportion of At Risk Women Who Had A Cervical Cancer Screen 82% 22 Proportion of Enrollees with Hypertension Who Had High Blood Pressure Control 63% 18 PMPY Adjusted Costs 3258 558 Findings
"The third was Multiple Sclerosis, which more than doubled in PMPY spending," the report added.
For CNT functionalized pMPy films (pMPy-CNT) the same procedure was used except that the CNTs were added in the above medium and treated ultrasonically for 30 min before use, to obtain a homogenous colloid.
Upon review of the pre-post changes by group, PMPY costs increased by a larger amount for the J-CHiP group using the dynamic population, as compared to the stable population (from +$2,536 to +$3,396), but the comparison group increased by an even larger amount (+$3,706 to +$6,147).
In a quantitative analysis of data on specialty drug expenditures under the pharmacy and medical benefits, Archimedes forecasts total specialty drug spending--including employer payments and enrollee out-of-pocket costs--to rise by an annual average of over $100 PMPY from 2016 to 2020.
The inherent conductivity of PPy is [approximately] 5 orders of magnitude greater than that of PMPy. Copolymers of pyrrole and N-methylpyrrole have been synthesized by electrochemical methods, and their conductivity varies With the comonomer feed ratio used (16-18).
"Diabetes medications were the only nonspecialty therapy class to have a significant increase in PMPY drug spend in 2014, largely due to two newly approved medications known as sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors," the report said.
Hospital referral region-level spending was measured per member per year (PMPY).
Specialty Trend by Therapy Class Trend PMPY Unit Therapy Class Spend Utilization Cost Total Inflammatory Conditions $50.62 +9.0% +14.0% +23.0% Multiple Sclerosis $37.98 +0.5% +17.3% +17.8% Cancer $31.98 +3.4% +22.3% +25.8% HIV $20.78 -2.1% +11.1% +9.0% Hepatitis C $7.82 +28.9% +4.8% +33.7% Growth Deficiency $7.41 +1.7% +7.7% +9.5% Anticoagulant $6.74 +1.7% +0.3% +2.1 Pulmonary Hypertension $5.71 +5.1% +6.2% +11.3% Respiratory Conditions $5.56 +1.5% +25.7% +27.2% Transplant $4.92 +2.2% -6.9% -4.7% Other $27.68 -24.9% +43.7% +18.8% TOTAL SPECIALTY $ 207.17 -0.4% +18.7% +18.4% Source: Express Scripts Inc.
LOUIS -- Since Express Scripts began recording year-over-year increases in per-member-per-year (PMPY) costs for specialty medications in 2003, specialty drug trend has ranged between 14% and 38.7%.
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