radical innovations that fundamentally change PMTCT
implementation, have been identified?
National Consolidated Guidelines for PMTCT
and the Management of HIV in Children, Adolescents and Adults.
8] The hospital started providing a PMTCT
service in 2002.
Conclusion: ART administration to both HIV-infected mothers and their babies has demonstrated an effective mechanism of the PMTCT
program, as this is evident in the low positivity outcome.
The standard of practice for PMTCT
during the study period was defined by Brazilian national PMTCT
guidelines (9) and included universal antenatal screening for HIV, antiretroviral prophylaxis for both mothers and newborns, and provision of free formula to avoid exposure through breast milk.
Evaluations of PMTCT
programs, which are often implemented within the confines of safe motherhood programs, have similarly shown male involvement to positively influence uptake of HIV testing and preventive interventions for vertical and sexual transmission of HIV (13, 14).
Antenatal and PMTCT
history, delivery information and feeding options were obtained from routinely collected data held in antenatal clinic registers and clinical files.
identified a total of 10,923 HIV-exposed infants.
Looking at specific PMTCT
tasks, ART outcomes for adherence at delivery and seeking infant PCR testing were similar.
The disparity among the number of people estimated to be in need of antiretroviral treatment and prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT
) services, versus those who were actually receiving treatment and PMTCT
services, was accepted and discussed.
Effective from 1 January 2011, KwaZulu-Natal became the first province to phase out free formula milk from its PMTCT
A contribution towards a global scale-up of PMTCT
and eliminating paediatric HIV