Source: Canada (2007, 21) The PNCIMA process on the Pacific coast is developing governance structures similar to those that were successfully utilized in the ESSIM process.
As the engagement strategy for the PNCIMA process recognizes, Aboriginal peoples are key participants in marine planning (Jones et al.
Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area (PNCIMA) collaborative governance model operative principles PNCIMA operating principles Authorities The Parties recognize that they each bring authorities and mandates to the PNCIMA initiative and they will respect, and will together benefit from, those authorities and mandates in the PNCIMA process.
The PNCIMA process is still in the early stages of planning, but as it moves forward it will be important to develop specific strategies and targets with the contribution of a wide range of stakeholders.
The second and third pages provide a brief introduction and background to the PNCIMA case study region and marine planning.
Section 3 is the shortest of the sections and consists of three structured questions investigating the level of stakeholder support for the development of a marine plan in the PNCIMA. Section 4 is a special section of the survey designed to probe in more detail the interests of representatives of industry associations.
One reason for this is that local government officials may not be familiar with the PNCIMA initiative.
The accountability of information gathering and analysis to the stakeholders is especially important in the PNCIMA planning process, given the concerns expressed by some stakeholders regarding the lead agency, DFO.
In the case of the PNCIMA, ecological services are especially important.
To date there has been little economic valuation of ecosystem services in the PNCIMA. The valuation research that has been done has focused on ecosystem benefits associated with fishing (Philcox 2007).
Consequently, we employ their estimates to provide a rough order of magnitude estimate of the value of ecosystem services for the PNCIMA. For the purposes of calculation the PNCIMA is divided into two zones: a biologically significant zone defined by the federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans (Hall 2008) comprising 45,000 km 2, and a residual zone comprising 43,000 km 2.
Second, the characteristics of the average marine environment and the PNCIMA are different.