POCD


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AcronymDefinition
POCDPlan of Conservation and Development (Connecticut)
POCDPostoperative Cognitive Dysfunction
POCDPoint of Care Diagnostics (New South Wales, Australia)
POCDPedophilia Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
POCDProcess Operational Concept Document
POCDProof of Concept Demonstration
POCDPrint On Customer Demand
References in periodicals archive ?
A total of 110 patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB in our hospital were chosen in the period from January 2015 to June 2017; these patients met the following inclusion criteria: undergoing cardiac surgery; under 75 years old; and ASA grading Grade I-II.4 These patients had no history of POCD; their BMI was less than 25 kg/m2; they had no mental disease; they had no severe organ dysfunction; and their MMSE score was less than 24.
While it is not known for certain what causes POCD, researchers explained that factors such as small strokes that happen during surgery, the impact of inflammation from tissue trauma, and pain medications may have a role.
Kazuhiro Hayashi, P.T., from Nagoya University Hospital in Japan, and colleagues investigated the association between preoperative 6MWD with POCD in 181 patients (mean age, 71.4 years) undergoing cardiac operations.
According to the results of this study, a low 6MWD was an associated risk factor for POCD after cardiac surgery.
In addition to POCD, elderly surgical patients are especially at high risk of developing postoperative delirium (POD) immediately after the surgery [10].
Penehyclidine hydrochloride administration during anesthesia may increase the incidence of POCD in elderly patients in a dose-dependent manner (Mini-Mental State Examination [MMSE] score, 72 h after surgery).
In addition, although myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, pulmonary embolus, pneumonia, and sepsis are among the most dangerous complications, postoperative delirium (POD) and POCD are far more common and serious than previously believed for older adults (Inouye et al., 2016).
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a term used to describe the cognitive impairment of memory, attention, concentration, and information processing occurring after surgery (1).
Nerve conduction study procedures utilized the POCD NC-stat DPNCheck (DPNCheck, NeuroMetrix Inc., Waltham, MA) and followed previously outlined methods [30].
Previous POCD studies focused on cardiac surgery because, until recently, cognitive impairment after cardiac surgery was considered to result from physiological disturbances associated with the cardiopulmonary bypass technique.
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a deterioration of intellectual function postoperatively, typically presenting as impaired short-term memory or concentration [7, 8].