Pelvic examination revealed stage 3 POP using the POPQ examination (Aa+3, Ap+3, Ba+6, Bp+6, C+6, D+2, gh 4.5, pb 2, tvl 9) at the 36+3rd week of gestation in her second pregnancy.
Pelvic examination revealed stage 4 POP using the POPQ examination (Aa+3, Ap+3, Ba+9, Bp+9, C+9, D+5, gh 4.5, pb 2, tvl 9) and it revealed that prolapsed uterus was in size of 20x20 cm, pink, hyperaemic, and edematous but not ulcerated.
The primary endpoint was recurrence of anterior wall vaginal prolapse reaching stage II POPQ or more.
The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare the POPQ measurements before and after the procedure.
Tan reported on POPQ
point Ba (the most dependent position of the anterior vaginal wall) and POPQ
Bp (the most dependent position of the posterior vaginal wall).
Women were evaluated using guidelines called Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POPQ
), which were published in 1996.
Following informed consent, the subjects asked to empty their bladder for undergoing examination by using standard POPQ
technique in the dorsal lithotomy position, while performing a valsalva or cough.
Degree of prolapse was determined according to Pelvic organ Prolapse Quantification (POPQ
At 3 months' postpartum, patients underwent uroflowmetry, multichannel filling and voiding cystometry, urethral pressure profilometry, Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification exam (POPQ
), and pelvic floor neuromuscular exam.
Urinary splinting was uncommon when POPQ
point Ba was less than 0, but it ranged from 23% to 36% for stage III and IV Ba prolapse.
The women were evaluated using the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POPQ
) staging system created by the International Continence Society, said Dr.
defines the various stages of prolapse as follows: Stage 0 is no movement, stage I is some movement 1 cm above the introitus, stage II is prolapse to the level of the introitus, stage III is prolapse beyond the introitus, and stage IV is complete extrusion.