Consequently, the established Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution System (PPBES
), which is used to secure, distribute, and execute resources within each of the DoD components, has the effect of limiting the Commander UNC/CFC/USFK's ability to view fully a common operational picture of the battle space.
The central problem examined in this essay is an inability of the combatant command operational planning process to effectively inform and complement the PPBES
. Three notable factors contribute to the problem.
From our view, the PPBES
cycle timing changes were sensible, given that new administrations often do not have the people in place or the insights necessary to put new DoD programs in place and prepare budget initiatives in the first year.
It examines the PPBES
and current issues in resource management.
While the course gives sufficient general information about the parts of PPBES
that occur in the congressional authorization and appropriation processes and at the Department of Defense (DoD) level, it concentrates on what goes on within the Army, particularly at the major command and installation levels.
Interviewees for this paper criticized the planning portion of PPBES
for failing to provide sufficient and timely guidance to the remaining steps in the process.
Second, the Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution (PPBE
) system is the subprocess that matches available resources against these requirements to produce a spending plan and a budget.
Under the circumstances of the above mentioned PPBES
, a theoretical model of HR planning is proposed by Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California, breaking down the Human Resource Development Process (HRDP) System into "four major quadrants: Requirements; Programming; Planning; Execution" .
In DoD, this process extends beyond the DAS and involves the other major DoD decision-support systems (JCIDS, and PPBE
) as well as decision making at the strategy and policy level.
= Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution System
- Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution System
And while the government-wide PPBS experiment was terminated by President Richard Nixon in 1969, PPBS continues to be used by the Department of Defense to the present, although in the early 2000s it was renamed the Planning, Programming, Budgeting and Execution System (PPBES
), indicating the importance of the entire budget cycle and not just the front end of budget preparation, negotiation and decision (Jones and McCaffery, 2008).