By use of advanced water treatment technology such as reverse osmosis, nearly complete removal of all PPCPs
can be achieved.
For instance, basic data such as the amount of PPCPs
manufactured and used is unknown, as are some of the basic facts regarding how much is metabolized, excreted, washed off, or otherwise directly disposed and leached into the environment--and possibly back into our bodies--in an altered form.
Scientists researching these PPCPs
are detecting these substances, called "emerging contaminants," at an alarming rate.
Researchers worldwide have discovered more than 60 different PPCPs
in water sources, according to Christian Daughton, chief of the Environmental Chemistry Branch of the U.
63 What are the key environmental exposure pathways for organisms (including humans) to PPCPs
in the environment and are we missing any of these in current risk assessment approaches?
The EPA announced in August 2005 that some PPCPs
may be added to its next contaminant candidate list, a means of prioritizing research goals with the possibility of eventual regulation.
Covers the occurrences of PPCPs
in aquatic systems, sediments, soil, and aerial environments
Emerging contaminants--pesticides, PPCPs
, microbial degradation products and natural substances as inhibitors of multixenobiotic defense in aquatic organisms.
comprise a diverse collection of thousands of chemical substances, including prescription and over-the-counter therapeutic drugs, veterinary drugs, fragrances, and cosmetics.
EPA) website devoted to the topic of PPCPs
in the environment (Daughton/U.
According to The Guardian, this is the first time that presence of PPCPs
and steroid hormones in Antarctic seas is being investigated.
found include: "antibiotics, hormones, painkillers, antidepressants, and an array of other medications .