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Khanafiah thought the Jakarta Charter no more than a draft of the Constitution's preamble that had not in the event been validated by the relevant authority, the PPKI (speech to Konstituante, 13 May 1959, quoted in Yamin 1959-60, vol.
411), and resentful at what its members saw as the duplicitous tactics of the government, (40) felt that the only way forward was to include the seven words excised from the draft preamble, and from Article 29, by the PPKI on 18 August 1945.
The assembly then moved to a decision on the only other politically possible alternative, a return to the 1945 Constitution as originally approved by the PPKI in August 1945.
Kusuma was asked by the State Secretariat to compose biodata on the members of the BPUPK and the PPKI as an appendix to the second edition of the state Secretariat's Risalah BPUPKI dan PPKI (Minutes of the meetings of the BPUPKI and the PPKI), published in 1992.
Kusuma immediately returned to Indonesia and, armed with a letter of assignation from the State Secretariat, he was able to research the archive collection on the BPUPK and PPKI in the ANRI.
391) thought it "much to be regretted" that the PPKI had removed vital parts of the original Jakarta Charter; that action had been a "violation" of the gentlemen's agreement that had given rise to the original charter, and it had given rise to "tensions and fissures in our society".
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