213) decision by the Muslim group in the PPKI to permit the erasure of the "seven words" of the Jakarta Charter was a function of the emergency circumstances of the time and Sukarno's promise that an elected MPR would be able to revisit the issue in the future.
Khanafiah thought the Jakarta Charter no more than a draft of the Constitution's preamble that had not in the event been validated by the relevant authority, the PPKI (speech to Konstituante, 13 May 1959, quoted in Yamin 1959-60, vol.
411), and resentful at what its members saw as the duplicitous tactics of the government, (40) felt that the only way forward was to include the seven words excised from the draft preamble, and from Article 29, by the PPKI on 18 August 1945.
The 1945 Constitution was also promulgated by the members of the PPKI, whose members included 11 persons not members of the BPUPK.
Kusuma was asked by the State Secretariat to compose biodata on the members of the BPUPK and the PPKI as an appendix to the second edition of the state Secretariat's Risalah BPUPKI dan PPKI (Minutes of the meetings of the BPUPKI and the PPKI), published in 1992.
Kusuma immediately returned to Indonesia and, armed with a letter of assignation from the State Secretariat, he was able to research the archive collection on the BPUPK and PPKI in the ANRI.38 The result of his research was used to improve the third edition, especially by way of correcting the text, of Risalah BPUPKI dan PPKI, which was published by the State Secretariat in 1995.
391) thought it "much to be regretted" that the PPKI
had removed vital parts of the original Jakarta Charter; that action had been a "violation" of the gentlemen's agreement that had given rise to the original charter, and it had given rise to "tensions and fissures in our society".
There was no similar gap with regard to other institutions such as Hizbullah, Barisan Pelopor, and PPKI
. The reason seems straightforward: PETA could pose a significant danger to the Japanese but the other institutions could not.