As in years past, PPNA
will co-locate with the successful Medical Design & Manufacturing (MD&M) East and EastPack events, adding crossover business opportunities to a broader packaging audience.
Other elongated bones found at Pre-Pottery Neolithic sites are decorated by engraving, as at the PPNA
site of Kortik Tepe (Ozkaya & Coskun 2009), but none of them show either human faces or bas-relief techniques.
The birds from PPNA
Wadi Faynan 16 are particularly relevant to discussions of Wadi Jilat 22.
sites are rare, and whilst the number excavated grows steadily, the final publication of any PPNA
site is a major event (Bar-Yosef 1989).
au PPNB: mise en lumiere d'une phase de transition a Jerf el Ahmar (Syrie).
Pre-domestic cultivation, that is, cultivation of morphologically wild plants, has been suggested for PPNA
levels at Mureybet, Jerf el Ahmar and Tell 'Abr 3, and for early PPNB levels at Dja'de and Cayonu (van Zeist & Bakker-Heeres 1984; van Zeist & Roller 1994; Colledge 1998; Willcox et al.
1973) and Hatoula (Lechevallier & Ronen 1994), most of the key sites dating to the PPNA
in the southern Levant were clustered on the western side of the Jordan Valley, notably Jericho (where the Neolithic architecture included a tower, Kenyon & Holland 1981), Netiv Hagdud (Bar-Yosef & Gopher 1997), Gesher (Garfinkel 1989) and Gilgal (Bar-Yosef et al.
Approximate dates in Periods absolute years ago Upper Palaeolithic 45 000-25 000 BC Early Epipalaeolithic 23 000-15 000 BC Middle Epipalaeolithic 15 000-13 000 BC Late Epipalaeolithic 13 000-10 200 BC Early aceramic Neolithic 10 200-8800 BC Late aceramic Neolithic 8800-6900 BC Periods Cultural labels in the Levant Upper Palaeolithic Early Epipalaeolithic Kerbaran Middle Epipalaeolithic Geometric Kebaran Late Epipalaeolithic Natufian Early aceramic Neolithic PPNA
(= Pre-Pottery Neolithic A) Late aceramic Neolithic Early, Middle, Late & Final PPNB
A diverse range of finds provides evidence of a distinct Neolithic assemblage for Cyprus, while demonstrating parallels to PPNA
assemblages on the adjacent mainland.
LSI values for Erbaba cattle are much smaller than those from morphologically wild populations from PPNA
Gobekli Tepe, EPPNB Nevali Cori, aceramic Asikli and Suberde, and the early levels (pre-XII to IV) of Catalhoyuk, indicating the presence of morphological domesticates.
A systematic use-wear study conducted on southern Levant PPNA
bifacial assemblages suggests that here as elsewhere greater symbolic weight was placed on bifacial tools made of 'exotic' or non-indigenous raw materials (Barkai 2001; 2005: 369; Yerkes et al.
Core reduction strategies and the tool classes add to the growing knowledge of PPNA
lithic industries; interestingly, 'glossed pieces' or the formal sickle blades were not found and their absence is not discussed, perhaps because the site is considered as a sedentary community of hunter-gatherers (Chapter 25).