From November 26, 2015, it will be compulsory for anyone using plant protection products (PPPs
) to hold a certificate of competence for the safe use of pesticides.
Ben Collins, the organisation's Northern Ireland director, admitted PPPs
have had something of a bad name due to a small number of high profile projects which have been poorly implemented.
(ii) We show the performance advantages of the Grid-PPPS through the comparison of the index building time and number of dominating objects compared to PPPS
Agency for International Development is using PPPs
with stakeholders in developed and developing countries to address "Grand Challenges for Development" (usaid.gov/grandchallenges) such as saving more lives at birth, increasing literacy for children, powering agriculture, and equipping individuals and governments with web and mobile technologies to improve transparency and accountability.
Alliance (GDA), PPPs
for development have received mixed reviews.
Since then, the government has shifted to Official Development Assistance (ODA) for infrastructure projects, and less PPPs
. Finance Secretary Carlos Dominguez III reasoned that avoiding the PPP
route on certain infrastructure projects would fast-track completion and save on costs.
"Indeed, while PPPs
are most often presented as a solution to state's debt while allowing the development of infrastructure, they are regularly denounced as a" hidden debt.
Harsher critics perceive PPPs
as a reincarnation of the discredited neoliberal policies of privatisation, liberalisation and deregulation.There is no agreed definition of PPP
but we can understand them as arrangements where private companies assume the traditional responsibility of the government, like provision of public goods and services.
continue in the backdrop of private-sector friendly governments, but can PPPs
help deliver national health targets or just provide a cosmetic facelift to government health facilities?
Mott MacDonald recently acted as Lenders' Technical Advisor on several high-profile regional infrastructure finance projects, including the Nubian Suns Solar Park and the Ras Ghareb Wind Farm in Egypt, Istanbul Airport, Canakkale bridge, and several major healthcare campus PPPs
We assess these risks and mitigants when we rate light rail PPPs