The final 14 offline PRCT items can be found in Table 1.
The eight online PRCT items can be found in Table 1.
The frequencies with which respondents reported none, at least one, or both offline and online PRCT behaviours are presented in Table 3.
A frequency analysis was conducted on individual behaviour items to examine more closely the type of PRCT behaviours that occurred post-breakup (RQ3) (see Table 2).
Among those who had been targets of at least one type of offline PRCT behaviour, the mean number of Aggressive Approach behaviours was 1.
Those who engaged in online PRCT following a breakup were most likely to report sending messages of affection (22.
Descriptive analyses were conducted to identify the percentage of relationships characterized by the four offline and online PRCT factors (Aggressive, Passive-Aggressive, Contact, Deception/Breach of Privacy), as reported by users and targets.
Only relationship intensity was predictive of PRCT (OR = 1.
Overall, our respondents indicated that a clear majority of their most recent breakups (74%) involved their use of some type of PRCT to pursue or re-establish contact with their ex-partner or to monitor their whereabouts and activities, whereas 68% of their most recent breakups involved the ex-partner trying to pursue, contact or monitor them.
Despite high rates of technology use among emerging adults (Boyle & O'Sullivan, 2014; Dewing, 2010; Joinson & Paine, 2007) and the relatively inconspicuous forms that PRCT can take, we found that online contact and tracking behaviours were not the dominant form among our sample.
Moreover, they were equally likely to use the different sub-types: Aggressive offline PRCT, Passive-Aggressive offline PRCT, online Contact PRCT, and online Deception/Breach of Privacy PRCT.
Further research exploring differences in PRCT use between individuals with varying degrees of romantic relationship experiences (from no prior experience to many prior romantic relationships) may help provide insight into the development of "romantic competence" and its influence on breakup coping.