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Puerto Rican farmworkers residing in the United States (USRES) have a higher level of English fluency, with 35 percent reporting understanding English well or very well compared with only 8.6 percent of island residents (PRRES) who report understanding English well or very well.
Government is more influential with older cohorts of Puerto Rico residents (PRRES), with 18 percent reporting that government influenced their decision compared with 11 percent for the most recent cohorts.
A new finding by this study is that USRES (stateside residents) report more abuse on the farm (15%) than PRRES (Puerto Rico residents) (2.4%), and from residents in the community (20% USRES and 2% of PRRES).
USRES tend to have higher wages than PRRES. The mean wage per hour for all USRES is $10.70, and for all PRRES it is $8.33.
Workers who report handling pesticides earn more per hour (PRRES $9.91 and USRES $11.41) than those who work planting, harvesting, canning, or transporting workers.
Such a bonus is reported by 57 percent of PRRES, while only 17 percent of USRES report receiving one.
Nearly half (46%) of PRRES reported never receiving any training in the handling of toxic substances.
The vast majority or Puerto Rican farmworkers (71% of PRRES and 50% of USRES) say they would like to receive vocational training.
Among USRES and PRRES there were a few similarities and some stark differences.
Among survey participants, 67 percent of PRRES and 60 percent of USRES report needing assistance with more information about opportunities, and 72 percent of PRRES and 52 percent of USRES say they need financial aid.
(76) Cradduck, L., and A., Blake, (2010) Dealing with unique interests in Crown Land: A Queensland perspective, PRRES 16th Annual Conference, 24-27 January 2010, Wellington, New Zealand
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- PrRP receptor