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'The bottle is in the basket (lit.: pannier).' (PSPV 22)
In order to analyze the inventory and semantics of the preverbs which are used to express topological spatial configurations, the visual stimuli developed by the Language and Cognition Group of the Max Planck Institute Nijmegen were used, namely the Topological Relations Picture Series (TRPS) and the Picture Series for Positional Verbs (PSPV).
Certain scenes in the two elicitation tools (TRPS and PSPV) are typically described by verbal clauses rather than by the BLC.
BELLY 3SG.POSS 'Three bottles sit on the table, four lie next to it (the group of 3).' (PSPV 46)
The elicitation methods are referred to as the TRPS (3) (Bowerman and Pederson 1993), the PSPV or Positional picture series (Ameka et al.
A substantial part of the data on which this paper is based were elicited with the Topological Relations Picture Series (TRPS) and the Picture Series for Positional Verbs (PSPV), stimuli designed specifically for this purpose at the MPI for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen.
The data presented in this article come from a fieldwork stay in the region of Ardesen in August 2000, (4) where four speakers (5) were asked to work with the Topological Relations Picture Series (TRPS) and the Picture Series for Positional Verbs (PSPV), stimuli designed specifically for the examination of positionals at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen (see introduction to this issue for details).
Thus languages of the two types differ in how they characterize locative relations involving multiple Figures in different orientations, e.g., a locative scenario with 4 bottles lying on their side and 3 others standing on their bases (PSPV 46).
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- PSR B0531+21
- PSR J0737-3039