a.k.a Peer to Peer Network ("PTOP
") owns and markets its core technology, a SaaS mobile solution branded C2A MobiCard, a scalable mobile business card software platform that enables users to create a customized web-based personalized mobile app that is sharable by text SMS, email, digital and social media.
PTOP = 0; no problem of divergence exists, since SMNP = PMNP;
PTOP [is greater than] 0; PMNP [is less than] SMNP, and therefore, we are faced with a case of positive externalities or external effects;
PTOP [is less than] 0; PMNP [is greater than] SMNP, and therefore, we have a case of negative externalities or external effects.
First, the article describes the development of the Preschool Taxonomy of Problem Situations (PTOPS), a preschool age-appropriate version of the Taxonomy of Problematic Social Situations.
Second, the psychometric properties of the revised measure, the Preschool Taxonomy of Problem Situations (PTOPS), were assessed employing a clinical sample of maltreated preschoolers.
Since the PTOPS is a revised version of the TOPS measure, an overview of the TOPS is first provided, followed by a description of the development of the PTOPS.
Preschool teachers and child development faculty at a Midwestern university were then asked to be involved in developing the PTOPS. Specifically, they were asked to review the proposed changes, provide examples for items, and make additional suggestions.
The revised measure, the Preschool Taxonomy of Problem Situations (PTOPS), will be described more thoroughly later, along
Specifically, the measures used in the study included the PTOPS and the Preschool Behavior Questionnaire (Behar & Stringfield, 1974), both of which were completed by the treatment center's teachers/therapists.