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PUFAPolyunsaturated Fatty Acid
PUFAPacific Ultralight Flying Association
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Results: Thirteen studies were included, consisting of 266 patients in the PUFA group and 402 cases in the control group.
When data across spawns were compared, significant differences were seen between larvae (day 1, day 5) and postset for total PUFA n-6s (P = 0.041) and the ratio of n3/n-6 PUFAs (P = 0.049) (Table 4).
The intake of PUFA should be 8-10% of energy intake.
Study participants that consumed a diet high in PUFAs had a significant decrease in fasting ghrelin, a hormone that increases hunger and a significant increase in peptide YY (PYY), a hormone that increases fullness or satiety.
This was a secondary analysis of the cognitive outcomes from the CAD Randomized Omega-3 Trial in Depression (CAROTID), a 12-week, parallel-arm trial of 1.9g/day n-3 PUFA treatment (including 1.2g/day eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and 0.6g/day docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) in CAD patients (NCT00981383) [9].
In our study, the predominant fatty acids in both the IMF and subcutaneous fat were C16:0 and C18:0 as SFA, C18:1cis9 as MUFA, and C18:2n-6 as PUFA which is an agreement with the results found by Poulson et al.
Although potential benefits of n-3 PUFAs on bone metabolism are promising, no study has yet evaluated the role of n-3 PUFAs on fracture healing or management of diet postfracture.
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) of the omega-3 series are essential nutrients since they cannot be produced by humans [1] and whose dietary intake, with food and/or supplements, is associated with several health benefits [2, 3].
Plant seeds have been used as a direct source of PUFA, but the concentration is very low in higher plants because of the absence of VLC-PUFA biosynthetic pathway to produce EPA and DHA [42].
The effects of ?-linolenic acid, omega-6, and total PUFA on diabetes diagnosis were unclear, and they had little to no effect on glucose metabolism, except for a possible increase in fasting insulin with increasing ?-linolenic acid.
11.49 was the maximum ratio of PUFA/SFA for walnut indicating higher amount of health beneficial and disease protective PUFA and lower amount of SFA as compared to other nuts.
There are two PUFAs the body needs but can't make--called essential fatty acids, omega-6 linoleic acid (LA) and omega-3 alpha-linolenic acid (ALA).