When the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA
) was enacted in 1978, energy markets were drastically different.
The 40th anniversary for PURPA
recently passed and Copeland is still in the world of improving energy consumption and sustainability.
has been instrumental in fostering the development of independent generation and efforts to achieve new state standards for renewable power.
- a federal law that requires certain qualified facilities to purchase energy - was intended for kind of smaller renewable projects and because of our published rates, we had a decent amount of that energy coming to Idaho over the last five or six years.
(144) Responding to the majority's reasoning that the States "may escape PURPA
simply by ceasing regulation of public utilities," Justice O'Connor argued that States should not be forced to avoid regulating in areas of traditional State concern to avoid the burdens imposed by a coercive federal regulation.
In 1978, the United States enacted PURPA
, which mandated that electric utilities must interconnect non-utility generators of alternative energy and cogeneration and pay for the energy delivered at a prescribed price, resolved as the utilities' "avoided cost." As a result of this law, the market evolved into the use of power purchase agreements, typically 20 years in duration (but ranging from as few as five years to as many as 30 years), that specify the price and the terms and conditions.
Sixty per cent of the nation's current Purpa
projects are in North Carolina, where state rates and policies favor solar companies.
Power Act, or if acting under PURPA
, at a price that exceeds avoided
(160) Justice Stevens would vote to uphold all of PURPA
The 1978 Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA
) required IOUs to buy electricity from private generators if latter offered a price below incremental cost of operations by the former[Hirsh (1999); Williams and Dubash (2004)].
), (187) which encouraged independent "merchant"
), (114) required, among other things, "equitable retail