(16) Even the district's famous gambling bosses (botoh) came to the same conclusion, as the head of the PKB (Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa
, National Awakening Party), Muhammadun, explained:
In the 2012 mayoral election, the successful ticket was supported by the Koalisi Masyarakat Madani (Civil Society Coalition) made up of the Partai Keadilan Sejahtera (Prosperous Justice Party, PKS), PPP, Reform Star Party (PBR), Partai Bulan Bintang (Crescent and Star Party, PBB), Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa
(National Awakening Party, PKB), and Partai Demokrasi (Democratic Party, PD).
Yusuf Muhammad of F-PKB (Fraksi Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa
, the National Awakening Party Faction), in more conciliatory mode, suggested that, for the sake of consistency, religious obligation should extend to all believers, not just to Muslims.
That is, in the post-New Order/reformasi era, the two organisations have had their legitimacy questioned through their affiliations with the political parties of Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa
(PKB, National Awakening Party) and Partai Amanat Nasional (PAN, National Mandate Party) respectively.
For the national parliament, Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan (PDI-P, Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle, led by Megawati Sukarnoputri) won 34% of the vote; Golkar ("Functional Groups" party) 22%; Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa
(PKB, National Awakening Party, linked to the conservative Islamic organization Nadhlatul Ulama headed by former President Abdurrahman Wahid) 13%; and Partai Persatuan Pembangunan (PPP, United Development Party, led by Hamzah Haz) 11%.
Gusdur said many members of the Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa
(PKB), the main political wing of the NU, are ''still clinging to the idea of Islamic law'' and ''they won't let a woman become president.'' He said possible alternative posts for Megawati include vice president or head of parliament.
Zuhadmono was a local businessman who has political connections with one of the Islamic parties, PKB (Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa
, National Awakening Party).
The parties targeted were Partai Sarikat Indonesia (PSI, United Indonesia Party), Partai Persatuan Daerah (PPD, United Regional Party), and Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa
(PKB, National Awakening Party).
Abdurrahman Wahid, son of a senior NU leader in the 1950s, set up PKB (Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa
, Party of National Awakening), which appealed to NU voters and received 12.6 per cent support.
Speaking in Sydney, Salim, a longtime minister under former President Suharto, predicted Partai Amanat Nasional led by Amien Rais, Partai Demokrasi Indonesia led by Megawati Sukarnoputri and Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa
led by Abdurrahman Wahid will together corner a majority of votes in the June 7 elections.
Burhan, one of the activists who had worked closely with him, and who was nominated by Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa
(National Awakening Party, PKB) and Partai Nasdem (National Democratic Party).
Nevertheless, leaders like Abdurrahman Wahid of Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa
(Party of National Awakening--PKB) and of NU, and Amien Rais, leader of Partai Amanat Nasional (National Mandate Party--PAN) and a former leader of Muhammadiyah, were still naturally identified by most people with those Islamic organisations.