Although the Third Circuit's pattern jury instructions
circuit-by-circuit pattern jury instructions
source." (54) The Maryland criminal pattern jury instructions
Eagle Star, (139) the court analyzed the use of pattern jury instructions
on the applicable law within the case.
(247) Like the creation of pattern jury instructions
, the creation of pattern flowchart verdict sheets by appellate courts may have additional benefits such as (1) obviating the need for judges and lawyers to spend time creating new verdict sheets for each trial; (248) (2) saving the time of appellate courts on appeal; and (3) minimizing potential prejudice in the verdict sheets against any particular litigant--all the while maintaining the legal accuracy of the language and "uniformity in the treatment of cases." (249)
(142.) For example, the California pattern jury instruction
instructs: "Proof beyond a reasonable doubt is proof that leaves you with an abiding conviction that the charge is true." JUDICIAL COUNCIL OF CAL.
In the US judges have traditionally placed more emphasis on the accuracy rather than the communicability of their instructions and use so-called 'pattern jury instructions
' which are pre-prepared agreed textualisations, usually produced by committees.
The Federal Corner includes links to such sites as The Guide to Judicial Practices in Florida's Federal Courts, the home pages of the three state district and bankruptcy courts, as well as the 11th Circuit pattern jury instructions
, local chapters of the Federal Bar Association, and more.
Recent additions to the Illinois Pattern Jury Instructions
, Civil, that have not yet been published in the bound volumes, are also available via the judiciary's Web site (http://www.
In Illinois, for example, the Illinois Pattern Jury Instructions
address how the jury should calculate the present cash value of future damages, such as medical care expenses and lost income.
The Criminal Pattern Jury Instructions
for the Eleventh Circuit state,</p>
None of the pattern jury instructions
I have found include jurisdiction as an essential element of a section 1 offense.