Lead is known to cause serious illnesses, including chronic neuropsychologic deficits, seizures, mental retardation and kidney, blood and peripheral nervous system disorders
. Lead poisoning affects almost all organ systems in the body.
After excluding the mild manifestations noted above, cerebrovascular disease and seizures are the most common neuropsychiatric complications of SLE, with a cumulative incidence of 5%-15% and severe cognitive dysfunction, major depression, acute confusional state, peripheral nervous system disorders
, and psychosis are all relatively uncommon, occurring in approximately l%-5% of all SLE patients, the authors wrote (Ann.