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Given the above controversies (10) for the grammatical word and phonological word separately, it is perhaps not surprising that elements that lie at the crossroads of these two notions of word pose challenges for the decision what to include in measures of synthesis.
The phonological word is a prosodic unit which defines the domain for various generalizations, e.g., the domain for phonological rules, phonotactic conditions and minimality constraints.
Harley & MacAndrew (1995) also found that low-frequency content words are more prone to substitution and, furthermore, that the targets in phonological word substitutions are particularly low in frequency.
What is a prosodic or phonological word in sign language?
Their topics include the impact of parent communication patterns on infant volubility during play with books, on the weight of phones in computing phonological word proximity, bilingual speech assessment for Maltese children, language impairment in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: a case study from Cyprus, and local assimilation in children acquiring Farsi: a study of typical versus atypical phonological development.
(26) Analysis into domains (GW = grammatical word: PW = phonological word)
The 15 papers claim that the syllable and the phonological word are the atrractors for a large group of phonological and phonetic structural regularities and processes in most languages of the world and, more importantly, that there are languages that raise the syllable to the status of the central prosodic domain around which the sound features of that language are organized, and there are other languages that prefer the phonological word.
In this article I propose a new construction algorithm for the phonological word in Hungarian.
Some recent studies of polysynthetic languages in North America have argued that, even though there may be good grounds for postulating large grammatical words, particularly in the case of verbs, the best candidates for phonological words are considerably smaller, so that a single grammatical word may comprise more than one phonological word.
recommends the establishment of a separate consonantal system for each consonantal position of the phonological word" (Smith 1979: 37).