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References in periodicals archive ?
These results indicate that the cellulolytic activity of whole ruminal groups was highest, and there was a complementary synergism on the degradation of plant cell walls among ruminal bacteria, protozoa and fungi.
Phenolic-carbohydrate complexes in plant cell walls and their effect on lignocellulose utilization by ruminants, p.
Since similar mutants exist in corn, researchers can use what they learn about lignin development in sorghum to compare the two species, better understand plant cell wall formation, and develop new varieties of species.
Aside from that, a single gene encoding plant cell wall component known as hydroxyproline-rich glycoprotein-like (HRGP) is also observed in qBBR11-1.
The ingredients that now classify as dietary fibers are: mixed plant cell wall fibers (sugar cane fiber and apple fiber); arabinoxylan (cereal grains); inulin (a carbohydrate) and inulin-type fructans (chicory root); high amylose starch, which Is resistant to digestion and has a low glyceric index; galactooligosaccharide and polydextrose (prebiotics); resistant maltodextrin/dextrin (from corn); and alginate, primarily used in medical applications.
The eight new fibersare:mixed plant cell wall fibers (a broad category that includes fibers like sugar cane fiber and apple fiber, among many others); arabinoxylan; alginate; inulin and inulin-type fructans; high amylose starch (resistant starch 2); galactooligosaccharide; polydextrose; and resistant maltodextrin/dextrin."
The unique attribute of a cellulose plant cell wall provides resistance to degradation as opposed to proteins produced via mammalian cell expression.
The genes encode for plant cell wall degrading/modifying enzymes including cellulases or AY-1,4- endoglucanases (Smant et al., 1998; Goellner et al., 2000; Gao et al., 2002; Gao et al., 2004), chitinases (Gao et al., 2002), xylanases (Opperman et al., 2008), pectate lyases and pectinases (Abad et al., 2008; Opperman et al., 2008), and expansins (Qin et al., 2004; Kudla et al., 2005).
The biologists at the Baker and Hellinga Laboratories used the computer program to redesign these receptors and targeted them to the plant cell wall for the detection of explosive compounds in the air and soil.
Production of plant cell wall degrading enzymes in presence of commercially purified substrates
Among the topics are applying lignocellulosic residues in the production of cellulase and hemicellulases from fungi, the regulation of plant cell wall degrading enzymes formation in filamentous fungi, ligninolytic enzymes from white-rot fungi and application in removing synthetic dyes, genetic tools for producing proteins in fungi, and lipases as imperative fat-degrading enzymes.