Focal or multifocal cortical malformations: focal cortical dysplasia, hemimegalencephaly, focal polymicrogyria
, tuberous sclerosis.
Additionally, an MRI performed in the 31st week of gestation showed encephalomalacic pseudocysts and cortical maldevelopment, which was interpreted as polymicrogyria
On cranial magnetic resonance imaging, it was observed that the lateral ventricles were enlarged and polymicrogyria
was present (Figure 1a, b).
Splenogonadal fusion may be associated with other congenital anomalies such as testicular maldescent and cryptorchism, inguinoscortal hernia (due to the inguinal closure defect produced by the fibrous cord), peromelia, micrognathia, hypoglossia, palatine defects, polymicrogyria
, craniosynostosis, spina bifida, cardiac defects, diaphragmatic hernia, hypoplastic lung and anorectal abnormalities, abnormal fissures of lung and liver, hypospadias.
Classic lissencephaly, cobblestone lissencephalies, polymicrogyria
, schizencephaly, and heterotopia have all been described previously in conjunction with anomalies of the corpus callosum [33-35].
The youngster suffers from two rare brain conditions called polymicrogyria
and periventricular nodular heterotopia.
She also has polymicrogyria
which is a condition characterised by abnormal development of the brain before birth.
The boy, who weighed 1,640 g at birth, had a normal karyotype but, at 3 years, brain imaging showed a unilateral polymicrogyria
in the left perisylvian area.
Josef, now three, was born profoundly deaf and with polymicrogyria
affecting the left side of his body with cerebral palsy.
and agenesis of the corpus callosum: a relevant association.
Complex epileptic (Foix-Chavany-Marie like) syndrome in a child with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and bilateral (opercular and paracentral) polymicrogyria
Prenatal and posnatal follow-up of a fatal interhemispheric arachnoid cyst with partial corpus callosum agenesis, asymmetric ventriculomegaly and localized polymicrogyria