Conclusion: The incidence of post-operative pulmonary complications was 6.2% in this study.
Very few studies have focused on the intraoperative and postoperative risk factors responsible for the development of pulmonary complications in patients undergoing cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass.6,7 In present study we determined the frequency of post-operative pulmonary complications (PPCs) and inter-operative factors associated with PPCs in patients undergoing cardiac surgery using cardio-pulmonary bypass.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of low tidal volume low respiratory rate continuous ventilation during CPB to prevent post-operative pulmonary complications
versus open lung technique during coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG).
Factors such as age, hypoalbuminemia, anaemia, BMI, intra-abdominal sepsis/wound infection, Intra-Abdominal Pressure (IAP), diabetes mellitus, ascites, malignancy, serum creatinine, post-operative pulmonary complications
, duration of surgery and time of presentation since onset of symptoms were analysed.
(6) Post-operative pulmonary complications
are found higher in severe obstructive Pulmonary Disease undergoing major abdominal surgeries.
Does pleurotomy during internal mammary artery harvest increase post-operative pulmonary complications
? Interactive Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2005; 4:143-146.
Benefits include prolonged post-operative pain relief (14-16) reduction in dosage of use opioids in post-operative period, reduction in post-operative nausea and vomiting, reduced I.C.U stay, reduced post-operative pulmonary complications
and potential for early ambulation.