TACI, total anterior circulation infarct: LACI, lacunar infarct; POCI, posterior circulation infarct.
Furthermore, there was a significant difference in the prevalence of ipsilateral and contralateral carotid disease in the PACI and TACI groups, but not in the LACI or POCI groups, suggesting that ipsilateral carotid stenosis is an important causative (rather than coincidental factor) in total and partial anterior circulation infarct but not in lacunar or posterior circulation infarct.
Migraine is associated with an increased risk of deep white matter lesions, subclinical posterior circulation infarcts
and brain iron accumulation: The population-based MRI CAMERA study.
Abbreviations ALT: Alanine aminotransferase APACHE II: Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II AST: Aspartateaminotransferase BALF: Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid CK: Creatinine kinase CPIS: Clinical pulmonary infection score ELISA: Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay GCS: Glasgow Coma Scale HAP: Hospital acquired pneumonia ICU: Intensive care unit IL-6: Interleukin-6 IPPV: Invasive positive pressure ventilation LACI: Lacunar infarcts LDL: Low density lipoprotein MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging OCSP: Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project PACI: Partial anterior circulation infarcts PCT: Procalcitonin POCI: Posterior circulation infarcts
TACI: Total anterior circulation infarcts TNF-[alpha]: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha VAP: Ventilator associated pneumonia WBC: White blood cell.
The most widely accepted classification of ischemic stroke is based on TOAST criteria which divides ischemic stroke into five categories, namely--large artery atherosclerosis, cardioembolism, small vessel occlusion (lacunar infarction), undetermined etiology and multiple possible etiologies [5,6] Another method of classification is modified Oxfordshire method, based on the anatomic distribution of infarcts-- total anterior circulation infarcts, partial anterior circulation infarcts, posterior circulation infarcts
, watershed infarcts, centrum ovale infarcts and lacunar infarcts.
presented the topographic and clinical distribution of the acute posterior circulation infarcts
Posterior circulation infarcts
also increased, from 5% in CAMERA I patients to 9% in CAMERA II.
Posterior circulation infarcts
increased as well, from 5% in CAMERA I patients to 9% in CAMERA II.
CHICAGO -- Migraineurs who have aura are more likely to develop posterior circulation infarcts
in an arterial border zone, compared with individuals who have migraine without aura or healthy individuals, Dr.
With regard to the Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project classification of the 15 patients diagnosed with cerebral infarction, the proportion of lacunar infarcts (lacunar stroke or lacunar infarct, seven) was highest, followed by partial anterior circulation infarcts (five), total anterior circulation infarct (two), and posterior circulation infarcts
CHICAGO -- Migraine sufferers with aura are more likely to develop posterior circulation infarcts
in an arterial border zone, compared with migraine sufferers without aura or healthy persons, Dr.