Unconscious psi-mediated instrumental response and its relation to conscious ESP performance.
However, with respect to response times, Stanford (1974) specified an unconscious timing mechanism as a means by which psi-mediated instrumental responses could manifest, and this notion was supported by one of his own studies (Stanford & Thompson, 1973).
Within Stanford's specification of the PMIR model, it is claimed that knowledge of need-relevant circumstances and an intention to fulfil such needs may play an inhibitory role in the psi-mediated instrumental response process.
No difference was found between performance at either version of the precognition task, raising doubt over the PMIR model's assertion that cognitive priming and focused intent can diminish the potential for psi-mediated instrumental responses to be executed.
A study of motivational arousal and self-concept in psi-mediated instrumental response
. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 70, 167-178.
He writes, "A serious gap in this chapter is the lack of treatment of the psi-mediated instrumental response
(PMIR) model." I am not unfamiliar with this model and Stanford knows about my critical comments on it elsewhere (Rao, 1978).
A serious gap in this chapter is the lack of treatment of the psi-mediated instrumental response
(PMIR) model (see Stanford, 1990, which reviews and conceptualizes work bearing on unconscious psi influence).
Stanford (1974a, 1974b) came close to answering this question with his psi-mediated instrumental response
(PMIR) model, although at that stage he did not see ESP and PK as the same process.
In his psi-mediated instrumental response
(PMIR) model, Stanford (1977) postulates that subjects must be supplied with some sort of motivation if they are to apply their psi abilities.
This study aimed to test predictions arising from the Psi-Mediated Instrumental Response
(PMIR) Model (Stanford 1974a, 1974b, 1977, 1990).
In the spirit of Stanford's Psi-Mediated Instrumental Response
(PMIR) Model, subjects were told nothing about using psi for this purpose.