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The QMEE (Mehrabian & Epstein, 1972) is a 33-item, 9-point Likert scale rated from -4 (very strong disagreement) to 4 (very strong agreement).
However, the HES, QMEE, and IRI measure the cognitive and/or emotional empathy of members of the public (Jolliffe & Farrington, 2006), without considering motor or behavioral empathy.
In comparison with the HES ([alpha] = .61), the QMEE ([alpha] = .84), and the JSPE ([alpha] = .87), the ES-PC scale has higher internal reliability ([alpha] = .94-.95).
The QMEE. Affective/trait-based empathy was measured by the QMEE (Mehrabian & Epstein, 1971), which measures emotional responsiveness, a quality often identified with successful outcome in psychotherapy (Luborsky, McLellan, Woody, O'Brien, & Auerbach, 1985; Rogers, 1975; Truax & Carkhuff, 1967).
The QMEE is a 33-item instrument consisting of statements such as "Sometimes the words of a love song can move me deeply." Respondents are asked to rate the items on a 9-point Likert scale according to the level of agreement or disagreement with the items.
The QMEE is divided into intercorrelated subscales consisting of the following aspects of emotional empathy: (a) susceptibility to emotional contagion, (b) appreciation of feelings of unfamiliar and distant others, (c) extreme emotional responsiveness, (d) tendency to be moved by others' positive emotional experiences, (e) tendency to be moved by others' negative emotional experiences, (f) sympathetic tendency, and (g) willingness to be in contact with others who have problems (Mehrabian & Epstein, 1971).
The first 2 x 2 ANOVA found statistically significant differences at the .05 level in the QMEE scores of the 162 1st- and 2nd-year students (F= 5.953, p = .02).
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