completely agrees with the PMMRC that wider, more imaginative thinking is required to attract women from at risk groups to access early maternity care.
Obstetrics & Gynaecology registrar, RANZCOG
"We will need to start to think about [its introduction] but we would have to speak to community leaders from Australia," the Sydney Morning Herald quoted RANZCOG secretary Gino Pecoraro as telling News Ltd.
RANZCOG said the issue would be discussed at a women's health meeting in June.
 Royal Australia and New Zealand College of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (RANZCOG
), 2016, Management of Breech Presentation at Term, C-Obs 11 (due for review July 2019), https:// www.ranzcog.edu.au/RANZCOG_SITE/media/DOCMANARCHIVE/Management%20of%20breech%20presentation%20at% 20term%20(C-Obs%2011)%20Review%20%20July%202016.pdf.
A highlight of her career has been training other nurses, both clinically and culturally, and teaching prenatal skills to hundreds of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health-care workers, as part of the Skills Transfer Program that RANZCOG
and James Cook University ran between 1990 and 2001.
Despite the fact that research and professional body guidelines for fetal heart rate monitoring recommend IA as the most appropriate method of fetal heart rate monitoring for women who are well and have had uncomplicated pregnancies (NICE, 2001; Liston et al, 2007; RANZCOG, 2006; MIDIRS, 2003, RCM, 2005; NZCOM, 2002: ACNM, 2007), it is apparent that the presence of technology within the hospital birth setting and the spoken or unspoken pressure from medical colleagues for the use EFM for all women influences midwive's practice and choices in monitoring modality.
Those predetermined intervals are described in obstetric and midwifery texts, polices and guidelines as listening to the fetal heart rate every 15-30 minutes in the first stage of labour and every five minutes or after every contraction in the second stage of labour, and should be conducted for at least one full minute from the end of the contraction (RCOG, 2001; RANZCOG, 2006; RCM, 2005; ACOG, 1995 and Lister, 2007).
Guidelines for the interpretation of CTGs are published by, amongst others, the RANZCOG (2006) and RCOG/NICE (2001).
The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) (2004), have introduced an educational module for Obstetric and Gynaecology trainees, consultants, as well as GPs, on management of adults who have experienced sexual assault.
RANZCOG currently has a teaching module on sexual assault only.
Research findings should be used in the continuing development of training programmes and guidelines provided by the NZCOM and RANZCOG, to assist maternity practitioners dealing with family violence in a way that is effective and practical rather than just ideal and theoretical, whilst keeping practitioners safe.