RDUMRaw Data User Manual
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As in their study, we define the ratio of R&D over tangible fixed assets, R&D/K, we set missing values into 0 and construct a dummy variable, RDum, equal to one if the firm reports R&D spending, zero otherwise.
RD/K The ratio of R&D expenditure over tangible fixed assets RDum A dummy variable equal to unity if R&D data is available, zero otherwise (see definition of Dsigma).
10, 11)--"rdum who is possessed of the highest attainments," and "translated into Mongolian by Toin corji" (colophon, p.